Strategic Arms Limitation Talks Agreements

On September 18, 1967, the United States announced that it would begin deploying a “thin” anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system. The government stressed that the operation was aimed at addressing a possible limited Chinese threat from the ICBM, underscore U.S. security guarantees to its allies by strengthening the U.S. deterrent capability, and adding protection against “the unlikely but possible accidental slaughter of an intercontinental missile by one of the nuclear powers.” This programme for limited abm defence has sharply divided views in the public debate and congress on the effectiveness and will of an ABM system and its potential impact on the arms race. At the first meeting of the discussions, from November 17 to December 22, both sides developed a better understanding of the other views and issues to be considered. It was agreed that the discussions would be private to promote free and open exchanges, and the milestones of the main hearing, which opened in Vienna in April 1970, were defined. Subsequently, the Helsinki and Vienna meetings followed one another until the first agreements were concluded in May 1972. (When SALT II began reducing the administrative burden for relocations in November 1972, it was agreed to keep them in one place from now on — Geneva.) This agreement paved the way for further discussions on international cooperation and the limitation of nuclear weapons, as seen by both the SALT II Treaty and the 1973 Washington Summit. The parties have committed to entering into active negotiations as soon as this treaty enters into force with a view to reaching agreement as soon as possible on new measures to limit and reduce strategic armaments (Article XIV); The treaty provided for the application of the Permanent Advisory Committee (SSC) established by the agreement reached between the contracting parties on 21 December 1972 and which was tasked with several tasks in order to promote the objectives and implementation of the provisions of the treaty.

The agreements are linked not only in their strategic implications, but also in their relations with future negotiations on the restrictions of strategic offensive weapons. An official statement from the United States stressed the crucial importance it attaches to achieving broader restrictions on strategic offensive weapons. At a summit in Moscow, after two and a half years of negotiations, the first round of SALT ended on May 26, 1972, when President Nixon and Secretary General Brezhnev signed the ABM Treaty and the Interim Offensive Strategic Weapons Agreement. SALT I is the common name of the agreement on strategic arms control talks signed on May 26, 1972. SALT I froze the number of strategic ballistic missile launchers at existing levels and proposed the addition of new submarine missile launchers (LBMs) only after the same number of older intercontinental missiles (ICBMs) and SLBM launchers were dismantled. [2] SALT I also limited land-based ICBMs from the northeastern border of the continental United States to the northwest border of the continental USSR. [3] In addition, SALT I has limited to 50 the number of SLBM-compatible submarines that can be operated by NATO and the United States, with a maximum of 800 SLBM launchers between them.

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