Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries Agreement Pdf

Following several bilateral roundtable discussions, Canada, the Kingdom of Denmark, Norway, the Russian Federation and the United States issued the “Nuuk Declaration” in February 2014 calling for action on the central issue of the Arctic Ocean. The following year, the same states signed the non-binding “Oslo Declaration” in which they agreed not to allow their commercial fleets to fish in the central Arctic Ocean until there was a solid scientific basis and an adequate management system (Norway in 2015). The Oslo Declaration also recognized the need to use other nations/jurisdictions with fishing capacity for long-distance waters on this issue. On October 3, 2018, Canada signed an international agreement to prevent unregulated commercial deep-sea fishing in the central Arctic Ocean. This agreement provides all signatories with a framework for cooperation to better understand the region`s ecosystems and prevent commercial fishing until sufficient scientific information is available to inform management measures. The other three legally binding international agreements, specific to the Arctic and negotiated under the auspices of the Arctic Council, are the Arctic Air and Naval Search and Rescue Cooperation Agreement, the Arctic Marine Pollution Preparedness and Response Cooperation Agreement, and the Agreement on Improving International Scientific Cooperation in the Arctic. We are not aware of a direct (legal or political) link between CAOFA and the WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies. The CAOFA contains no provisions and no provisions for grants. In December 2015, negotiations began between the five signatory states of the Oslo Declaration, China, the European Union (responsible for fisheries policy on behalf of its member states), Iceland, Japan and the Republic of Korea. David Balton, with the U.S. State Department, was the chairman of the negotiation process, and it was the United States that initiated the discussions between the coastal states, which led to the Oslo Declaration.

3. This agreement does not affect the rights, competences and obligations of a party in accordance with the relevant provisions of international law, as set out in the 1995 convention or agreement, including the right to propose the opening of negotiations for the creation of one or more additional regional or sub-regional fisheries organizations or arrangements for the area of the agreement. Recalling the principles and provisions of the treaties and other international agreements on maritime fisheries already in force for the part of the central Arctic Ocean on the high seas, including the provisions of the agreement: The parties to the agreement will meet at least every two years to review progress in implementation and scientific information developed through a joint scientific research and monitoring programme. The legally binding agreement to prevent unregulated deep-sea fishing in the central Arctic Ocean was signed on October 3, 2018 in Ilulissat, Greenland. As soon as it enters into force, the agreement requires the parties not to allow a vessel flying its flag to fish commercially in the high seas area of the central Arctic Ocean. The agreement is valid for a maximum of sixteen years renewable in five-year increments.

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